The 5 Most Used Languages for Web Development

The 5 Most Used Languages for Web Development

To give you an idea of the options available, the 5 most commonly used languages for web development at the moment, in no particular order, are:

  • PHP
  • Ruby
  • Python
  • Java
  • JavaScript

You might see some people mention ASP.NET, this isn’t a language. It’s a framework.

I’ll talk about the difference later, but for now let’s just say that while ASP.NET is a valid choice as a framework, as a beginner I wouldn’t worry about it.

This is going to be a little bit more than you asked for, probably, but in the end I think it’ll help you out more with your decisions. If you already know parts of the following, feel free to skip over.

Overview of how a web application

You, the user, enter a url into the address bar in your browser.

Using the information in that url, your browser identifies what you want and where to look for it and sends a request to the application’s server.

This request is sent using a protocol called HTTP. A protocol just means that your browser and the server follow a set of rules when they talk to each other. HTTP is a particular set of rules.

When the server receives the request your browser sent, it looks at it and decides what to send back to your browser.

When you first visit a web application, this is almost always a HTML document.

So, the server returns a response to your browser, which contains HTML.

HTML contains directions for your browser on what to display to the user. It also tells your browser the other things it will need to display the application correctly to the user.

Primarily, CSS and JavaScript documents, but also images, fonts and many other things.

The browser then makes more requests to get these other things, let’s call them assets.

These requests for assets can be made to any number of different servers, and they take time!

A good web application does it’s best to make this process efficient and undetectable to the user.

A link in a webpage is like a shortcut to entering the url in your address bar, and most of the time when you enter in a url or click a link, this whole process is initiated again.

Back-end development

Back-end development is all about the server. Or servers.

As a web application may be contained, either completely or in parts, across many different servers.

It’s about how the application’s servers decide to respond to a request.

It’s about how quickly they can respond, and how many requests they can respond to at the same time.

As a side note, for beginners to web development, front-end development is almost always more important.

Even if you’re not concerned with making your application pretty.

Even for the first project you mentioned. I highly recommend you start by focusing on HTML, CSS and JavaScript.

What programming languages should I learn for web development ?

Before, I answer this question, I will give you a definition of the framework.

A framework is the application that runs your application.

It gives you a set of tools that make building a web application easier.

The exact definition of a framework depends on who you talk to, but they’re there to make your life easier.

Learn the language, then learn the framework you picked. It’s easy to use Google to find guides and tutorials for any of the languages or frameworks.

I don’t recommend either Java or Javascript for back-end beginners.

Java is a trickier language than the other four, and while it’s tempting to say node.js (JavaScript for the server) utilizes the skills you developed while learning front-end development, in practice I think node.js is less beginner-friendly than any of the 3 options above.

But that’s my opinion, if you’d like to check it out anyway, the “Hello World” example for Express, the most popular node.js back-end framework.


I personally think Python has the is the best choice for beginners, and have a lot of community support.

But by the time you’re far enough along as a web developer to form opinions for yourself, you should know more than one language.


Even bad code can function. But if code isn’t clean, it can bring a development organization to its knees.

Every year, countless hours and significant resources are lost because of poorly written code. But it doesn’t have to be that way.

Noted software expert Robert C. Martin presents a revolutionary paradigm with Clean Code: A Handbook of Agile Software Craftsmanship.

Martin has teamed up with his colleagues from Object Mentor to distill their best agile practice of cleaning code on the fly into a book that will instill within you the values of a software craftsman and make you a better programmer, but only if you work at it.

Get your copy using the link below:

Clean Code: A Handbook of Agile Software Craftsmanship

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1- The Best Way To Improve Your Programming Skill Level

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3- Don’t Panic This is The Best way to Learn Programming

4- 4 Great YouTube Channels, that Will Improve Your Programming Skill

4-It is Never too Late to Learn How to Program

5-The Best Advice I Wish I know When I Start Programming

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